Even as the birds begin to moult, Incubation is apparently by female only, roughly 21 days. As far as I can tell, none of the reports from today had any documentation that eliminated Dunlin. The problem is that there are many species that fit into the Non-breeding birds are grayish-brown above with white eyebrows and belly. White-rumped Sandpiper (left) and Dunlin (Lodmoor, Dorset, 17 July 2013). It is an adult nearing the start of the moult from its characteristically rather plain greyish winter plumage, with some traces of its summer finery seen in the rusty hues in the crown sides and ear coverts, and also in the orange tips a few upper scapulars (Martin Loftus). Juveniles are crisply marked above, with clear pale feather fringes and, unusually in small waders, distinctive smudgy black blobs along the upper flanks, though these disappear during the autumn as the birds moult into their first-winter plumage. The Curlew Sandpiper prefers a fresh water habitat, the Dunlin prefers salt water. All forms wear rapidly, however, and the adults can just look dark by mid-summer. No comments: Post a comment. In the UK in late Summer some may be daunted by the prospect of identifying individual species in groups of small waders. decurved black bills. Sandpipers are very strikingly marked. These two species are roughly similar in size and can often be seen together, though the former averages slightly smaller. ADULT the streaking is confined to just the breast sides and they often still show a Confirmation of this bird's identity is provided by the shortish bill and, most importantly, by the long primary projection giving the typically strongly attenuated rear end (Julian Hough). Usually 4. On Curlew Sandpipers both the legs and bills are longer elegant jizz. This species is exclusively a High Arctic Siberian breeder, with a range extending from the Yamal Peninsula in the west to Chukotka in the east. Dunlin Curlew Sandpiper And White Rumped Sandpiper Photo Id Guide, This article was originally published in the August 2015 issue of. They seem to course, as with all waders, there is the added complication that Dunlin vary This portrait enables the structural features of each to be compared. There are starting to be problems resulting from a Dunlin being present in the same area as the Curlew Sandpiper. It’s now named for its nonbreeding plumage, a mousy gray-brown or “dun” color. Both have black legs and The dunlin is a very rare vagrant to New Zealand, with four accepted records. into and through Ireland on their migration from their northern breeding Dunlin, left, and Curlew Sandpiper (Upper Tamar Lake, Cornwall, 14 September 2006). Breeding plumage deep rusty on head and body (like Red Knot). This Bird is a Curlew Sandpiper, Peachy breast feathers, white eyebrow, unmarked white under flank and long black slightly curved beak. We get an occasional Curlew sand on the Exe estuary and your pictures depict what i believe is a Curlew Sandpiper. In winter, it feeds in large flocks and roosts in nearby fields and saltmarshes. DEFINED FACE PATTERNS. The accompanying photos show juvenile Dunlin and Western Sandpiper mostly molted into their nonbreeding plumage. I was lucky enough to get photos of the Curlew Sandpiper next to a Dunlin. obvious differences between Curlew Sandpiper and Dunlin and that’s what He is also author of several books and numerous ID papers. In flight it shows a bright white rump. The longish, fine-tipped bill adds further confirmation of its identity, while the peachy flush to the breast and the just-visible scaly-looking upper mantle identify it as a fresh autumn juvenile (Peter Wilson). White-rumped Sandpiper is a little smaller than Dunlin, but still significantly larger than the otherwise similar stints. This guide tackles these two ‘confusing calidrids’, familiarity with these is essential in order to gain experience and confidence identifying the apparently bewildering range of waders on our coasts in autumn and winter. CHEST-DEEP IN WATER, OR SOMETIMES EVEN SUBMERGE on the mantle and wings (so concentrate on the warmer-edged, darker juvenile DUNLIN CAN APPEAR TO HAVE QUITE ‘MESSY’ UNDERPARTS AND BROWNER, LESS With no grey adult-type feathers yet appearing above, this bird is in full juvenile plumage. Its wing feathers are fully juvenile with neat pale fringes forming a scaly pattern, but new grey adult-type feathers are already present in the scapulars and the mantle. to know Dunlin makes the identification of every other member of the ‘small Similar to: Sanderling. Note also the prominent blurry dark spotting in the underparts, a characteristic feature of juvenile Dunlin (Robin Chittenden). Now Dunlin are bigger, 8-1/2 inches long compared to 6-1/2 for Westerns, but that's not always apparent if there is nothing to compare with. The call is a thin, high-pitched jeeet. The species is exceptional in winter. Now thought to be a hybrid Curlew x Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, with a similar bird collected in Australia in 1981. The resultant white 'band' therefore sits across the base of the tail and contrasts very sharply with the blackish tail-feathers. feathers between the back and the wings) have black centres with rufous and Juvenile Curlew Sandpiper (Cuckmere, East Sussex, 10 September 2012). Sandpipers range in size from the least sandpiper, at as little as 18 grams (0.040 pounds) and 11 cm (4.3 in) in length, to the Far Eastern curlew, at up to 66 cm (26 in) in length, and the Eurasian curlew, at up to 1.3 kg (2.9 lb). Broad-billed Sandpiper slightly smaller than the Dunlin, but with a longer straighter bill, and shorter legs. brownish supercilium of Dunlin makes the head appear less contrasting. By comparison, Curlew Sandpiper appears very clean and pristine on the Dunlin is the commonest of all our small waders, and a regular passage migrant and winter visitor around our coasts, as well as a breeder in some of our upland areas. The call is easily learnt – a rather drawn-out descending treeep. black spots and smudges onto the whitish belly and lower flanks. Despite its name, this species is not white rumped! The Dunlin is much smaller and has short legs in relation to the Curlew Sandpiper (Hayman et al. Dunlin is the key species, and an understanding of its distinctive 'jizz' and plumages is vital if we are to progress to finding its scarcer and rarer cousins. The great thing is that they are usually with Dunlin so Similar to: Curlew Sandpiper in the nonbreeding season. A hybrid from Florida thought to be a Dunlin x White-rumped Sandpiper is here. The species typically chooses nesting sites on dry stony areas near wet areas, from 60 m (200 ft) above sea level to 800 m (2,600 ft). decurved black bills. By contrast, the arrival pattern of late autumn birds is far more suggestive of a direct transatlantic passage. some birds that look very different from the others. These include species like godwits and shanks but it is the small However, that it not as easy as it sounds because there are The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. Dunlin or Curlew Sandpiper? So, adults of both species are easy to tell apart when in, or moulting Even at range, this characteristic shape is striking once learned. The form schinzii is dull with a small belly patch, moderate breast streaking and dull upperparts fringes, while the rarer arctica is small with pale and narrow upperparts fringes, reduced breast streaking and an even smaller belly patch. Adult White-rumped Sandpiper (Connecticut, USA, 4 July 2011). Most striking is the shape of the back end: long and slim with a good projection of primaries beyond both the tips of the tertials and the tail-tip. adult birds and both species are easy to identify when in adult summer plumage. SHOW AN ‘ANCHOR’ PATTERN ON SOME SCAPULARS AND WING-COVERTS. Both can look very different from the typically brighter alpina. features. Identifying Knot and Dunlin Success in this (and if you are keen to find rarer species) is not difficult, provided you are familiar with two key species: Knot and Dunlin. several races of Dunlin. So bill length, while a useful October most of them will be well on their way to their African wintering ‘Cooper’s’ Sandpiper was described as a new species from a specimen collected on Long Island in 1833. The relatively stumpy bill, shortish legs and very long rear end with the primary tips extending well beyond both the tail-tip and the tertials identify this as a White-rumped Sandpiper. Found some "peeps" feeding on the shore. Why? show some of their summer plumage and are easy to identify among the Dunlin Creamy to pale olive, blotched with brown and reddish-brown. Although looking essentially plain grey and somewhat featureless, it is still separable from Dunlin even without a flight view. Adult winter Curlew Sandpiper (Al Qudra, UAE, 27 October 2016). Winter adults and first-winters are plain grey-brown above and white below, much more like a Dunlin, and are best identified by structural characters. central line and a dark tip almost forming an ‘anchor-like’ pattern inside each feather. So, what do both species have in common? Note that the rump itself is actually dark and that it is only the uppertail coverts which are white. The call is a distinctive rich chreet. Baird's Sandpiper: Adult, Lincolnshire, September. Given good views, telling them a part is no problem but distant views they can appear quite similar so care has to be taken! On Curlew Sandpipers, the upperparts are a colder greyish THEIR HEADS COMPLETELY WHEN FEEDING. CURLEW SANDPIPERS HAVE CLEANER FACES AND UNDERPARTS THAN DUNLIN, JUVENILE Massachusetts Twitch: Curlew Sandpiper Suzanne Sullivan first found this bird on October 8th and has since been seen daily on Sandy Point (Plum Island). Juvenile Dunlin (Seaforth, Lancashire, 28 August 2010). As a result, many will show some grey feathers It winters in West Africa. At all seasons, Dunlin presents a highly distinctive profile: pot bellied, round backed, hunched, neckless, rather droopy billed and a little truncated at the rear end. In the eastern part of its winter range it can be one of the commonest small waders, but in Britain and western Europe it is a relatively scarce passage migrant, especially so in spring. Dunlin or Curlew Sandpiper? The warm buff plumage hues, crisp fringes to the wing coverts and prominent blurry blackish spotting in the underparts are sufficient to identify this bird as a young Dunlin. CURLEW SANDPIPER, ONE OF THE MOST ATTRACTIVE WADERS TO LOOK FOR IN AUTUMN. stand more upright, have longer necks than Dunlin and their longer legs give Ireland each autumn. It is a very long-distance migrant, wintering in the south-east of South America, including the Falklands. Although this particular Dunlin is a long-billed individual, its bill is still a fraction heavier at the tip and the base than that of the accompanying Curlew Sandpiper. There is plenty of scope for confusion among them, particularly in non-breeding plumages. This individual is showing off its rear to better effect. It would, however, need to turn around a little to reveal the prominent dark centre to its rump and uppertail coverts – a feature common to most small calidrids, but not to either of the two confusion species discussed here (Steve Young / www.birdsonfilm.com). Curlew Sandpipers appear more elegant than Dunlin with a more upright stance, due to their longer legs and more elongated neck. The Dunlin is a small sandpiper, which can be found at the coast all year round, preferring estuaries, where it seeks out insects, worms and molluscs to eat. like mini-godwits adopting brick-red underparts with black, red and white onto the tail. I found the comparison interesting. their first ever winter plumage. feature, should not be the sole feature to look for when you think you have grounds. white supercilium gives a much ‘cleaner’ impression. A short-looking bill and rather weak upperwing bar are also visible here (Stefan Pfutzke). feathers have neat pale edges giving a very scalloped or scaly appearance. These two species can look remarkably similar, but note the former's rather short-looking bill, slightly weak-looking wing-bar and, most obviously, a narrow white 'rump' – actually restricted to a white 'horseshoe' across the uppertail coverts, which contrasts sharply with a rather 'stuck-on'-looking dark tail (Brett Spencer). a Curlew Sandpiper is cleaner than in Dunlin with ‘crisper’, more defined Name of Species: – Curlew Sandpiper or Dunlin - Adult. Sandpipers are totally different to Dunlin in summer plumage in that they become Sandpipers make the crown appear more capped and sharply defined while the pale this summer). appear quite plain. among the Dunlin flocks. frightening prospect of looking at small waders…and early autumn is that time. onwards will be starting to moult from their warm-coloured juvenile plumage to feathers). At least a couple of recent reports have included photos of a Dunlin that was entered as a Curlew Sandpiper. experience very high numbers. The one on the left is of a Curlew Sandpiper showing it's distinctive white rump and on the right a Dunlin. Curlew Although rarely necessary to secure an identification, a flight view will show a prominent square white rump patch. The subspecies schinzii breeds in Britain and Ireland in small numbers and also in south-east Greenland, Iceland and around the Baltic. and a clean white, unmarked belly and flanks. Limited streaking in the flanks is present in all plumages. Richard B Juveniles are very different, however: bright white below, peachy breasted and marked above with beautiful crisp, 'frosty' white feather fringes. In flight the Dunlin has a dark rump and a black tail (Hayman et al. There were quite a few of them around looking for food in the shallow water of the salt flats. © 2020 BirdGuides, Warners Group Publications Plc. also have slightly longer wings than Dunlin which adds to their elongated, Unsurprisingly, therefore, although still rare, it is among the commonest of the North American waders to reach Britain. Medium-sized wader with a long, slightly downcurved bill. It has an extensive winter range which stretches from West Africa to Australia. of the scapular feathers and the wing coverts have pale centres with a dark Equally striking is the crisp, frosty appearance to the whole of the upperparts, each feather having a neat whitish fringe. Andy Stoddart is Vice Chairman of the British Birds Rarities Committee and a member of the BOU Records Committee. chest deep in water. Birding in early December at Port Charlotte (Florida) Beach Complex on Charlotte Harbor. There comes a time in every birder's life when you have to face the Apparently by female only, roughly 21 days are an abundant species that fit into the category they. South-East of south America, including the Falklands are one of the upperparts are also visible here Stefan. North-West Russia is overall straighter, thicker throughout with a longer and more curved bill than Dunlin! Neat pale edges giving a very long-distance migrant, wintering in the flanks on individual... Collected on long Island in 1833 with peak numbers in September receive full sighting details easy! With care and experience, Curlew Sandpiper prefers a fresh water habitat, the scarce... 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