Time and time again, the question of polygamy in Islam is raised as a grave issue and a big hurdle to any serious discussions about Islam. If a man cannot be satisfied with one woman, it is better for society that he assumes full moral and financial responsibility of a second wife. Islam and Polygamy. Previous teachings permitted unlimited and unrestricted polygamy. Polygamy becomes a necessity under certain circumstances, but can only be practiced under certain conditions and with restrictions. No one can force a woman to marry a married man. Or why is. The answer is yes, but it is allowed only as an exception. There are three basic reasons for marriage in Islam[1]: The subject of polygamy generates more misconceptions about Islam than any other. One of these conditions is to treat them equally and not to favor one woman over another, in order to ensure justice and equality between wives. Polygamy was customary before Islam and was not abrogated with the coming of Islam; instead, Islam has corrected and set various conditions for the practice. The team behind Muslim Memo. The teachings of Islam, including polygamy, conform to human nature. The popularity of Islamic polygamy varies from countries to another. Why not three or five? To produce children, and provide a stable and righteous environment for their upbringing. Polygamy is an alternative to divorce in case of some marital problems. The General Reasons: Now, the next question is why permission has been given for up to four wives. To enable a man and a woman to live together and experience love and happiness, within Islamic law. Islam limits the number of wives allowed to four, and also discourages the practice. The Islamic rules state that a Muslim man can marry a maximum of four women. Islam does allow polygamy, i.e., having more than one wife at the same time, but it does not encourage it. A.P.U.H uncle Abbas, Khalid bin Walid and many important elders and leaders of Quraysh who were instrumental in sever opposition to the Prophet B.A.P.U.H and his religion. In fact, Islam is the only religion that limited this ancient and widespread practice. They also claim that the practice of polygyny curbs adultery, thus leading to more and happier marriages and fewer divorces. Polygamy is most often understood to be a practice that allows any male or female to be married to an unlimited number of spouses at the same time. However, it is regarded permissible when there are some general or special reasons. Before discussing whether it is an appropriate element of Islamic society in modern times, however, it is important to address the question of why we care. Islam did not invent the system of polygamy. If man’s actions and man made laws are not congruent with Divine intent and design there are consequences. Islam also permits polygamy. one person has more than one spouse. Islam allows polygamy and permits men, under specific circumstances, to have at most four wives at any given time. The value of polygamy becomes very clear in times of war when the husband dies and the woman can’t take care of herself and her children because of lack of material resources. It can be sought only when it is necessary or compulsory. Also, marriage and polygamy in Islam is a matter of mutual consent. It is just a permission with certain limitation and conditions. Definition of Polygamy: Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby. Islam simply permits polygamy; it neither forces nor requires it. Time and time again, the question of polygamy in Islam is raised as a grave issue and a big hurdle to any serious discussions about Islam. It should be remembered that polygamy is not a compulsory thing nor is it advocated. Polygamy is a complicated aspect of marriage in Islam in which the welfare of the community supersedes the desires of the individual (woman). Islam is a practical religion; and it intends to protect the women and preserve their dignity. Liked what you read?Subscribe to the Muslim Memo Newsletter and receive weekly updates about new articles, posts and other relevant info meant especially for the intellectual Muslim.Enter your email address to subscribe. Traditional Sunni and Shia Islamic marital jurisprudence allows Muslim men to be married to multiple women (a practice known as polygyny and polygamy) — up to four at any point in time. To be honest, Islam was the first religion that had the courage to tackle the issue of polygamy and limit the number of wives one can have. The principle was permitted, but polygamy was limited to four wives. Conversely, Muslim women do not have the right to marry several men. Islam is also the world’s only religion that gives women the right to ask for divorce and marry another man. Islam allows the practice of “polygyny”, not necessarily “polygamy”. Hinduism allows men to have multiple wives, and the father of Lord Rama had three wives, whereas Lord Krishna had over a hundred. It is important to understand here that for Muslims, moral standards define Divine Revelation, and not Western opinion. Four is a cardinal number in prior scriptures. In fact, Islam is the only religion that limited this ancient and widespread practice. The Quran says: [1]. It may be further argued that polygamy, which has been instituted by Islam as an exception and a remedy, has been largely abused by sensual people. Polygamy is among the most common topics by which the Western world continues to malign Islam. As such, Islam forbids adultery and offers two alternative solutions: divorce or polygamy. The two terms are easily confused. It represents comprehensiveness, wholeness and fullness or completion. I will say no. polygamy allowed in Islam? Polygamy may enable a male to sire more offspring, but monogamy can, in certain circumstances, represent a more successful overall reproductive strategy. Also there are four cardinal attributes of Allah [2]: Rabb (Lord), Rehman (Gracious), Raheem (Merciful) and Malik (Master). After all, societies where polygamy is a taboo face maximum incidents of adultery and other similar crimes. One reason for this is that it is not physically possible to bear children of multiple husbands at the same time; one of the many reasons this has not been institutionalized throughout the ages. Polygamy was and is practiced in Islamic cultures under the authority of Sdrah 4:3. Polygamy did not come with Islam. Polygamy was customary before Islam and was not abrogated with the coming of Islam; instead, Islam has corrected and set various conditions for the practice. A man has been given permission to marry again if his wife is chronically ill and cannot fulfil the obligations of marriage; or if she is unable to have children; or under certain conditions of wartime, when marrying widows to look after orphans may be necessary to protect the morals of society. Polygamy can be of two types. It has allowed four wives at a time and has enjoined equality in treatment of all wives. Islam forbids polyandry which is when a woman is married to more than one husband at the same time. Islam has clearly laid out the rights of women in marriage, and especially in polygamy; men are reminded over and over again about the necessity of justice, of fairness in finances, time, and other matters, and of the severe punishments that await those husbands who violate their wives’ Islamic marital rights. Instead, it is a provision – something allowed – for special circumstances. Polygamy is not a compulsion in Islam - it is an exception Polygamy is not permitted in Islam None of the above 2. Among the Hindus,polygamy prevailed from the earliest times. The Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. This marriage helped in rekindling the old Quraysh bondage’s and reconcile differences. Islam has put stringent conditions on a person who wants to have more than one wife. Instead of forcing such women to resort to prostitution, a man can marry her to give her a better life. What Islam did was to organize polygamy, and restrict it to four wives under strict rules of justice. :) If you're seeing this, it means this article was either a guest post by a contributor or a team effort. To provide a legal union which safeguards society from moral and social degradation. During times of war, the number of men in the society is reduced due to war casualties. Clearly, polygamy must be meaningful, or it … Muslims often attempt to hide it or apologize for its existence. This proves that polygamy is one of the things that is allowed for a man such the law of polygamy in Islam. Hence polyandry does not serve the purpose of marriage and will create more emotional and practical problem than the restricted polygamy solves in certain circumstances. Besides, a woman may stipulate that her husband must not marry any other woman as a second wife in her prenuptial contract. Lastly, it goes without saying that nowadays not many Muslims actually practise polygamy. But … Another issue with polyandry and polygamy being permitted at the same time in the name of equality is that if one woman can have multiple husbands, then the husband can also have multiple wives, and there is no limit on these extended relationships and the family unit cannot be easily defined. Polygamy existed in varying degrees in different parts of the world, in diverse cultures before the spread of Islam. In other words, Islam plays a big role in providing protection and dignity to widows and safeguarding the future of such children. Polygamy was the practice of Jews, Christians, Buddhist, and pre-Islamic Arabs, perhaps others as well. Answer: 1. Allah says: “But if you feel you many not be able to deal justly between them, then marry only one.” (Holy Qur’an, 4:4). I recently read about an American singer who decided after reverting to Islam to have multiple wives. The idea that Islam allows polygamy so that men could pursue lust and as an excuse to fulfill sensual desires is a far cry from what Islam actually wishes to achieve. Marriage is between a man and a woman. Although Greece and Rome were not polygamous societies, concubinagewas a norm. Although as a wife especially the first wife, polygamy is looked like unfair for her. Monogamy still the preferred form of marriage, and if you ask me: does Islam encourage polygamy? And also there will always be confusion and controversy about “whose the father of the child” leading to medico-legal issues. The idea that Islam allows polygamy so that men can pursue lust, and as an excuse to fulfil sensual desires, is a far cry from what Islam actually wishes to achieve. Thus no woman can be married forcibly or given to a man who is already married, except if she and her family agree, since there is no secret marriage in Islam polygamy is … It occurs very frequently in the Old Testament and the New Testament. is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is In some countries, it is more common than in other Islamic countries. Qur'an is the only religious scripture in the world that says 'marry only one' Qur'an is the only religious … Muslim scholars often claim that the reason why Allah allowed men to marry four wives is that men are killed in battle, thus resulting in women being in more numbers more than men. For such situations, Islam giv… Women who are married to chronically ill, sterile or impotent husbands are allowed recourse to divorce, if they feel the situation is unbearable. Islam does allow polygamy, i.e., having more than one wife at the same time, but it does not encourage it. Arba in Hebrew and Arabic means 4. But if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one. [1] The Islamic Marriage System, Pathway to Paradise. In fact, polygamy came into existence even before Islam! Agreed, polygamy has some disadvantages, but it is still a better option than adultery or prostitution. KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 15 — Seven in 10 Muslim women here agree that polygamy is a right accorded to Muslim men, a survey by rights group Sisters in Islam (SIS) on Muslim women’s realities in Malaysia published today found. Islam limits the number of wives allowed to four, and also discourages the practice. Among all Easternnations of antiquity, polygamy was a recognized institution. (other) women, two or three or four. Consequently, there is an increase in the number of widows and orphans. Islam is a practical religion; and it intends to protect the women and preserve their dignity. Islam did not introduce polygamy. There is almost consensus of opinion that Islam allows polygamy. The principle was permitted, but polygamy was limited to four wives. Question: Why is a man allowed to marry more than one wife in Islam? The first thing to note on this issue is that polygamy is not ordered as a general rule for all Muslims to follow. Polygamy . The value of polygamy becomes very clear in times of war when the husband dies and the woman can’t take care of herself and her children because of lack of material resources. Polygamy: African society was, and to a certain extent is, a polygamous society. Islam neither made polygamy obligatory for anyone, nor did it encourage polygamy. Time and time again the question of polygamy in Islam is raised as a grave issue and … Having a mistress and committing adultery is a grievous sin and causes the moral decline of society. “Four” (cardinal number) was a sacred and complete number with the Hebrews, as well as with several other peoples. Islam allows polygamy and permits men, under specific circumstances, to have at most four wives at any given time. That does not mean it is the norm or what most expect to see. He kept doing everything that is forbidden in Islam, and he used Islam as an excuse for his polygamous lifestyle. Number 4 is the number of stability, order and completion of justice. Muslim men in polygamous marriages should be kind to their women. One of the most frequently asked questions about Islam is — why does Islam allow polygamy? Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Lessons From The Life of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). This is Divine intent and design. In Islam, monogamy is essential and polygamy is exceptional. To marry another women except his wife’s relatives forbidden for him, like a woman who has no blood related to him. Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad(rh)explains it as follows: The primaryoccasion then for the provision of polygamy is in war-time situations. The Reasons Why Islam Permits Polygamy. The Islamic law allows Muslim men to practice polygamy, but it does not encourage it. It indicates completeness. For example, in Saudi Arabia, Islamic polygamy is much more common than in Egypt. Islamregulated polygamy by limiting the number of … Allah in His wisdom has determined four to be an adequate number to provide proof beyond doubt (four witnesses) or to provide adequate time. Islam is a very sensible religion that puts focus on maintaining the family as well as the community. Islamic Defense of Polygamy. system of marriage wherein one person has more than one spouse Instead of divorcing a sick or infertile wife, Islam permits a man to marry another woman while taking care of the first if she chooses to stay with him. 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